How Is Hemp Oil Extracted?

It’s hard to shop anywhere nowadays without seeing CBD sold in stores or online. This is for good reason! But many people don’t understand hemp products because they don’t know much about hemp. So let’s take a look at where hemp oil comes from, how it’s extracted, and how the final products that you see in hemp oil stores are made. 

What is hemp oil?

Hemp oil is derived from the leaves, petals and seeds of hemp plants. Legal hemp products can contain up to 0.3 percent of the chemical element found in hemp, THC, which is not high enough to produce a psychoactive high. The difference between hemp oil and CBD oil is that hemp oil can only be extracted from hemp whereas CBD oil can be extracted from both hemp and the marijuana plant. 

Liquid Solvents Extraction Method

In this method, plant materials are put together in a container and liquid solvent, usually alcohol or ethanol is run through the plant matter to get cannabinoids and flavors. After that, they are transferred into the liquid and evaporated to leave only the extracted hemp oil. It is the most simple and cost-effective way to extract the oil. This method also extracts chlorophyll, which gives a finished oil a greener color and more bitter taste. Producers remove chlorophyll by filtering the extract. However, it reduces the oil’s potency.

CO2 Extraction Method

This method uses pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2) to pull cannabis from the plant. As CO2 is pressurized and put at a specific temperature, it behaves like a liquid, so it runs through the plant and extracts cannabinoids and flavors much like in the liquid solvents method. Then, the mixture is pumped into a chamber where it is kept at a lower pressure and higher temperature. In the chamber, CO2 gas rises to the top of the chamber while the extracted oil containing chemical and flavor fall to the bottom of the chamber. The extracted oil that fell to the bottom of the chamber is collected for consumption.

Olive Oil Extraction Method

In this method, olive oil is used instead of other liquids to extract the hemp oil. This method is very common, and olive oil is a common substance. This method can also be performed at home. In the first step, you need to make sure the raw material is decarboxylated. This means you have to heat the plant for a specific period of time to activate chemicals in the plant. Most experts usually recommend heating the plant at 248 degrees Fahrenheit for 60 minutes. Once you finish this process, you add the plant material to the olive oil and heat it to 212 Fahrenheit for up to 2 hours. Olive oil cannot be evaporated after this process. Therefore, you must consume much higher quantities of this type of extracted oil than highly-concentrated oil made by other methods.

If you’re looking for a hemp oil store, check out Groheline. We provide one of the world’s most trusted hemp extract oils and are supporting thousands of lives daily with quality, safety, and social responsibility! For any additional questions about hemp oil, feel free to reach out to us today.